D. ZHAO, H. LINNARTZ, Sackler Laboratory for Astrophysics, Leiden Observatory, University of Leiden, P.O. Box 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden; M. A. HADDAD, W. UBACHS, LaserLaB, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1081, NL-1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Isotopic labeling is an analytical tool that has been widely used in chemistry and biochemistry. In this contribution, we illustrate the potential of isotopic labeling in the structure determination of gaseous carbon-chain radicals. More spefically, systematic deuterium labeling experiments are presented for three non-linear hydrocarbon chains (C9H3 with C2v symmetry, and two C11H3 isomers with C2v and Cs symmetries, respectively), where the H/D atoms in these molecules are chosen as isotopic tracers.\footnoteD.~Zhao, H.~Linnartz, W.~Ubachs J. Chem. Phys. \underline\textbf136(5), 054307 2012; and D.~Zhao, M.~A.~Haddad, H.~Linnartz, W.~Ubachs J. Chem. Phys. \underline\textbf135(7), 074201 2011. In the experiment, electronic absorption spectra are recorded for these target hydrocarbon chains and their (partially) deuterated equivalents in special hydrocarbon plasma expansions constituting C/H, C/D, and C/H/D, respectively. The number of observed bands, the quantitative determination of isotopic shifts, and supporting DFT-calculations make it possible to unambiguously identify the geometric structures of HC4CHC4H, HC4C(C2H)C4H, and HC4CHC6H. This result also confirms that optical spectra of D-substituted species can provide molecular symmetry information of polyhydrides, as well as chemical bond correlations in the substructures containing D-labeled hydrogen. Deuterium labeling, therefore, is considered as a useful approach to characterize the molecular structure of gaseous hydrocarbons.