MARTIN SCHÄFER, MATTHIAS RAUNHARDT AND FRÉDÉRIC MERKT, ETH Zürich, Laboratorium für Physikalische Chemie, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 10, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.
For most atoms and molecules, the direct access to Rydberg states from the ground state requires light in the UV or VUV range, thus the spectral resolution is limited by the spectral bandwidth of the laser and the Doppler broadening. A significantly higher resolution can be obtained by combining a high-resolution laser system with millimeter radiation. \footnote C. Fabre, P. Goy, S. Haroche, J. Phys. B: Atom. Mol. Phys. \textbf10, L183--189 (1977). F. Merkt, A. Osterwalder, Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. \textbf21, 385--403 (2002). M. Schäfer, M. Andrist, H. Schmutz, F. Lewen, G. Winnewisser, F. Merkt, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. \textbf39, 831--845 (2006). Such double-resonance experiments have been used to study the hyperfine structure of high Rydberg states of 83Kr \footnote M. Schäfer, F. Merkt, Phys. Rev. A , \textbf74, 062506 (2006). or H2 \footnote A. Osterwalder, A. Wüest, F. Merkt, Ch. Jungen, J. Chem. Phys. , \textbf121, 11810--11838 (2004)..
A phase-stabilized backward wave oscillator (BWO) in the 240--360 GHz frequency range was combined with a UV laser system to record high-resolution spectra of high-n Rydberg states of xenon. The millimeter wave transitions at sub-MHz resolution between n d and n p or n f Rydberg states of the isotopes 129Xe, 131Xe, and 132Xe were detected by pulsed field-ionization followed by mass selective detection of the cations.
A multichannel quantum defect theory (MQDT) treatment of the hyperfine structure \footnote H. J. Wörner, U. Hollenstein, and F. Merkt, Phys. Rev. A , \textbf68, 032510 (2003). was used to analyze the millimeter wave data in combination with the available data from the literature in order to obtain improved MQDT parameters and hyperfine structure parameters of the 2P3/2 ground electronic state of Xe+.